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Vegetation history of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast during the last 400,000 years

February 2, 2014

Author's poster exhibition of Prof. DSc Mariana Filipova-Marinova will be held in the building of the Natural History Museum - Varna. The exhibition traces the "Vegetation history of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast during the last 400,000 years" The exhibition is dedicated to the February 2 – the International Wetlands Day and is organized by the Natural History Museum - Varna and University Botanic Garden - Balchik.
Attractive pictures introduce the modern plant diversity and the main types of vegetation along the Black Sea. The most impressive is steppe vegetation typical of the northern Black Sea coast. The hypothesis of natural origin of this vegetation was published in 1936 by Academician Daki Yordanov (University Botanic Garden in Balchik). In order to protect this unique habitat, it was declared as a protected area named “Kaliakra” in 1941. Information about wetland species such as reed and bulrush, widely spread along the coastal lakes Durankulak, Varna, Beloslav and Burgas is available. Diversity of endemic psammophytic species characteristic of sand dunes is also represented. An area of interest is the largest sandy habitats in Bulgaria – protected area “Stone forest” situated 18 km west from Varna. Relict southeuxinian vegetation preserved in the moist ravines in the Strandja Mountain and representatives of Mediterranean vegetation are the most impressive.